It is a science and practice in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases, and the word medicine is derived from the Latin “medicus”, in which a variety of health care operations are practiced, and medicine has developed a lot since its inception, as modern medicine contains many branches and departments such as biomedical sciences, research Medical, genetics, and medical technology for the purposes of diagnosing and treating the disease, and the doctor usually uses medications, surgeries, and psychological treatments according to the pathological condition.
Clinical practices differ from country to country; Because of regional differences in culture and technology, scientific medicine is considered modern medicine in the Western world, while many developing countries in the African and Asian continents have continued to rely on traditional medicine, with limited evidence during practice. The modern practice process depends on the evaluation of patients by doctors in order to diagnose and treat the disease, and prevent its symptoms and diseases, while relying on an interactive relationship between the doctor and the patient to examine him according to a history and medical record, followed by a medical interview, a physical examination, and then a basic diagnosis using medical devices ( Stethoscope, tongue depressor), and according to the diagnosis, the doctor decides to perform certain tests related to the case using biopsies if necessary. There is a type of diagnosis, known as differential, which helps to exclude cases based on the information provided.
It is one of the ancient medical specialties that depend on various evidence and techniques; In order to help improve body functions, and repair the organ that has fallen into disrepair, surgeries are usually performed for the heart, blood vessels, colorectal surgery, brain and nerves, oral and maxillofacial surgery, tumor surgery, orthopedics, ear and throat surgery, plastic surgery, and foot care surgery. transplant surgery, urology, and the doctor approves before starting any operation by anesthetizing the patient; In order not to feel any pain during the operation, and to make it easier for the doctor to perform the operation without any obstacles on the part of the patient.
– Medical laboratories: are clinical diagnostic services that apply to laboratory techniques to diagnose and treat patients, and these services are supervised by a forensic doctor, and branch into other subspecialties such as blood transfusion medicine, cellular pathology, clinical chemistry, clinical microbiology and clinical immunology.
– Pathology as a medical specialty: It is a branch of medicine that deals with the study of diseases, their morphology, and the physiological changes they produce.
– Radiology: means imaging of the human body by means of x-rays, computed tomography, ultrasound, and nuclear magnetic resonance tomography.
– Nuclear medicine: the study of human organ systems by radioactive materials in the body.